INDIAN EDUCATION—FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE TO LOCAL EDUCATION
AGENCIES AND INDIAN-CONTROLLED SCHOOLS FOR THE EDUCATION OF
INDIAN CHILDREN— PART A (CFDA Nos. 84.060 and 84.072)
I. PROGRAM PROFILE
Legislation: P.L. 92-318, Title IV, Part A,
241aa-241ff. (Expired September 30, 1984)*
Funding Since 1980:
as amended, 20 U.S.C,
Purpose: Part A of the Indian Education Act supports programs to address
the educational and culturally related academic needs of Indian students
in public schools and in reservation-based, Indian-controlled schools.
Objectives for the program include: (1) improving academic performance in
the basic skills; (2) reducing dropout rates and improving attendance; (3)
increasing Indian parental participation in educational policymaking; and
(4) helping public schools become more responsive to the needs of Indian
Assistance to Local Education Agencies and Tribal Schools: Part A grants
are made on a formula basis to local education agencies 17. Local educa-
tion agencies (LEAs) are eligible if they enroll at least 10 Indian children
or if Indian children constitute at least 50 percent of the total enrollment.
These limitations do not apply to LEAs located in Alaska, California, or
Oklahoma, or located on, or in proximity to an Indian reservation. Certain
tribal schools are treated as LEAs and thus can receive formula grants
under this program.
Assistance to Indian-Controlled Schools: The Indian-controlled schools pro-
gram is authorized by a set-aside of an amount not to exceed 10 percent of
the amount of the Part A formula program. Tribes and Indian organiza-
tions and certain LEAs that operate schools on or near reservations may
compete in two areas: (1) for funds to start and establish a school; and
(2) for funds to develop special enrichment programs that are supplemental
to an already established program. Many, but not all, of these schools
are also eligible for formula grants.
*The Indian Education Amendments of 1984, P.L. 98-511, authorizes Indian
Education through October 1, 1989.ave been destroyed or seriously damaged by a